India is one of the fastest growing digital markets in the world with almost 800 million internet users. It is home to the third largest number of internet users in the world, after the United States and China. Considering the huge consumer base that India exhibited, internet based services have flooded India. About 346 million Indians are engaged in online transactions including e-commerce and digital payments. Even orthodox industries that largely operated on labor have joined the digital bandwagon in order to stay relevant in changing times. India’s booming digital market has also caught the eye of cybercriminals. And as India progresses on the path of digital transformation, the threats to its various economic sectors are simultaneously increasing. Furthermore, a presentation by NITI AAYOG points out that the main victims of these data breaches are financial organizations, healthcare, universities, higher education and the public sector, etc. Of time. A cybersecurity audit involves a comprehensive analysis and review of your company’s IT infrastructure. Security audits will help protect critical data, identify security vulnerabilities, create new security policies, and track the effectiveness of security strategies.
Regular audits can help ensure that employees are following security practices and can detect new vulnerabilities. This is the primary method of compliance review. It is designed to evaluate something (a company, a system, a product, etc.). The Indian government and stakeholders exploring ways to combat the growing threat landscape, focused on regulatory standards and guidelines for all services operating in India, with a stricter focus on BFSI (banking, finance and insurance) and government sectors. These strict regulations have compelled organizations to take the necessary cybersecurity measures to combat cyberattacks. The security testing services market in India is estimated to grow from USD 201 million in 2019 to USD 325 million by 2022. In order to control the threat of spam and phishing, the government of Union Territory of Jammu -and-Kashmir recently issued instructions for immediate security audit of all official sites and sensitization of all employees on fake WhatsApp messages. Additionally, it was clarified that no digital service should be launched without a security audit through the constituted agencies. In accordance with the Information Technology Act 2008, it is mandatory to have a security audit of all web applications and services in order to be hosted in the State Data Center (SDC). Security testing is usually done by a certified security professional or service provider who, in simple terms, tries to hack into your system or software to find security vulnerabilities and reports it so the organization can work on it. fixing these security flaws and making an informed decision in instituting the right security system for itself. The process of running security patches, bug fixes, and feature updates is called patch management. Security testing in India can have very different results with different types and methodologies of security testing. Depending on the specific needs and objectives of a business, security testing can follow different approaches such as White-Box security testing, Black-Box security testing, and Grey-Box security testing. The tests involved in security testing may also differ from organization to organization.
Why Security Testing:-
Web applications and websites have been favorite targets for hackers because they have access to valuable information and are relatively easy to exploit. A successful attack can lead to a variety of devastating consequences, including financial loss, damage to brand reputation, and loss of customer trust. Because web applications need to be available 24/7 and provide data access to customers, employees, vendors and others, they are often the weakest link in organizations’ security. When hackers gain access to web applications, they often have direct access to confidential back-end customer and company data. For this reason, testing the security of web applications is a priority for the organization today.
Common security testing objectives that cut across most organizations:
* To identify security bugs, missing security rules, misconfigurations, terminal access and other potential vulnerabilities in a system.
* To obtain security clearance in accordance with government mandates and regulatory agency standards.
* To formulate an optimized security system for their organization and so on.
* Types of Cyber Security Testing:- 1) Vulnerability Scan/Assessment, 2) Penetration Testing, 3) Red Team Testing, 4) Purple Team Testing.
* Testing for websites/web apps:-
* Static and dynamic code analysis
* Server infrastructure & DevOps testing
* Testing to identify flaws in business logic
* Authorization checks for user access (UAC)
* Manual and automated application analysis
According to official documents seen by NVI, the Union Department of Electronics and Information Technology has asked all State and Union Territory Information Security Officers (CISOs) regularly audit government websites. Auditing of these websites and apps should be done regularly to check for any hacking attempts. In addition, the Union Government has also formulated a Crisis Management Plan to assist State and Union Territory Governments including Jammu and Kashmir to combat Cyber Attacks and “Cyber Terrorism”. by bringing together 90 security organizations to support and audit the implementation of information security best practices. The author would like to conclude this article with this beautiful quote: “Security is not something you buy, it is something you do, and it takes talented people to do it well.” “If it’s smart, it’s vulnerable.” “It takes 20 years to build a reputation and a few minutes of cyber incident to ruin it.” “Security should be built in, not bolted on.”
(Author is Cyber Enthusiast)